Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is an acute, serious disease which may be fatal if untreated.
Formerly it was known as Ebola Haemorrhagic fever. It is caused by Ebola virus.
This disease is named so after it first occurred in village near Ebola river (Democratic Republic of Congo).
Incubation period of EVD is 2 to 21 days.
Signs and symptoms of EVD are following:
- Onset of fever
- Muscle pain
- Sore throat
The above said symptoms are followed by:
- Symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function
- Oozing from gums, blood in stools
Ebola is transmitted in human population from ill or dead animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelopes and porcupines through blood, secretions, organs and other bodily fluids.
Ebola is transmitted from human to human under the following circumstances:
- Direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs and bodily fluids of infected people and through contaminated surfaces and materials.
- Close contact with patients.
- Men who have recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from illness.
Till now there is no proven treatment available for EVD. But supportive treatment such as oral and IV fluids are given to treat specific symptoms.